Empowering Orphans and Vulnerable Children in Mbarali District.

Project Summary

Mbeya is one of the biggest cities in Tanzania after Dar es Salaam, Mwanza, and Arusha. It is the region through which the Great North road passes (i.e Cairo to Cape Town). Also it is one of the main roads in Tanzania, which begins from Dar es Salaam to Tunduma (The city of Mbeya region). It is one of the busy road with many truck cargoes which go through the region to Malawi, Zambia, and the Democratic Republic of Congo. Mbeya region is among three leading regions with high HIV infection rates at national level by 9% after Njombe 14.8% and Iringa 9.1%. The risk of HIV and AIDS is though high. (TACAIDS 2011-2012).
Mbarali District which is targeted program area has high HIV infection rate in the region, due to influx of visitors, fast local growing population, and cultural practices such as Polygamy, widow inheritance, multiple conjugal partners, cleansing widows, promiscuity among married men and married women and premarital sexual relationship. HIV/AIDS pandemic has claimed many lives and left many orphaned children in Mbarali District and some of them are HIV positive.

Information from the Research shows that, Orphans and Vulnerable Children experience neglect, discrimination, emotional constraints, sexual abuse, early marriage, rights violation, burden of hard working and poverty. In Tanzania, an estimated 1,300,000 children are orphans due to HIV. They have lost either one or both of their parents because of the disease. Due to AIDS, the number of child-headed households in Tanzania has increased significantly in recent years. Growing up without a family or in a dysfunctional family environment often has serious implications on a child’s mental and physical development.

In the light of the above situation, The Bible Society of Tanzania intends to intervene the, situation so as to care and restore the dignity of orphans and vulnerable Children in Mbarali district .Historically, the Bible Society of Tanzania has been active in implementing bible engagement programs.

In this program the Bible Society of Tanzania intends to empower Mbarali Orphans and Vulnerable Children by training them on HIV/AIDS ,Sexuality and puberty changes, Health education and environment, Children right and friendship, Good behavior and responsible living, and Psychological support. Children will be organized in groups of between 25-30 children who will form training classes. The children are expected to acquire basic knowledge on HIV/AIDS, sexual education, able to make good decision, a courage to good choice and responsible behavior, and know the importance to keep themselves and environment clean.

Care takers/parents, and community leaders the intended training will be conducted through workshops of 30 participants.

Before training baseline survey will be conducted to identify the orphans and vulnerable children in collaboration with the local government leaders, church leaders, and orphanage centers.


The Bible Society of Tanzania wants to expand this project in Nyarugusu refugee Camp, Kigoma region. Due to political unrest in Burundi and the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC)  there is high numbers of refugees escaping into neighboring countries. Tanzania is hosting over 350,000 refugees from Burundi (274,455 ) and Democratic Republic of Congo (84,520) who seek shelter as reported by the UNHCR  at 31 March 2018 statistics. 55% of the refugee population are children under eighteen years, more than 7,000 children are unaccompanied by their parents and separated.

These children are facing many challenges like; school dropout, food, shelter, health care services, insecurity, rape, early marriages and pregnancies, the risk of HIV/AIDS, poor parental care and such other social challenges. These problems are aggravated by the adverse level of poverty of parents and being orphans. This such situation denies Children the opportunity to access basic needs and worse the opportunity to interact with the Word of God in their lives. In this case a meaningful interaction with the word of God is strongly needed in order to impact the lives of the children and adults likewise.

It is the desire of the Bible Society of Tanzania to intervene the situation by implementing a Bible engagement project to Children in the refugee camp; so that they experience the love of God and grow spiritually. In implementing this project the Bible society intends to train children on HIV/AIDS, sexuality, puberty changes, health education, children’s rights, good behavior, responsible living and healing the wounds of trauma. These such teachings will be in line with Biblical perspective. It is expected that through this training children will acquire basic knowledge on such training, experience the love of God and live a fulfilled life.

This program is in line with Philadelphia promise and Bible Society of Tanzania strategic plan (2018-2022).

Reason for Ranking

This is the only project which engage children with the word of God directly with the intention of behavior change.

Other Resources Wanted


-External facilitators.

Project Goal

Empower the Orphans and Vulnerable Children to live a healthy life through holistic values by 2020.


1. To increase basic knowledge and  guidance to OVC on how to take care of their own lives and how to relate with others.

2. To empower caretakers/parents with basic knowledge about  children needs,development and Education.

3. To create awareness to the community and advocate for children’s rights,including risk of sexual exploitation.  (including the disabled Children for 2019-2020) 

Project goal’s relationship to overall bible society strategy

The Bible Society of Tanzania strategic objective is to make Scriptures available to all Tanzanian to help them to transform their lives. In the Bible Society of Tanzania strategic objective Children are among the targeted audience, and therefore implementation of this project as Bible engagement program is one of the achievements of the strategic objectives of Bible Society of Tanzania . This program will be implemented as a follow-up of the Good Samaritan program which is among Bible Society of Tanzania programs that was implemented to address the issue of HIV/AIDS on biblical perspective. In implementing the Good Samaritan program experiences from the field shows that orphans face all kinds of risks after the death of parents, like life on the street, sexual exploitation, psychological distress, some become caregivers, and others withdraw from school due to economic hardship and inadequate food. Therefore this situation makes institution with compassion like Bible Society of Tanzania to intervene to care for Orphans and Vulnerable Children and empower them through holistic ministry. Because of the high HIV infection prevalence rates, it is feared that the number of orphans is increasing at an alarming rate, although the exact magnitude of the orphan situation in the region is not known.

Strategic Fit

Connecting your project to your Bible Society’s overall mission strategy

How does your project relate to the Philadelphia Promise?

This relates to Philadelphia promise as a Bible engagement program.

About the beneficiaries

How did you arrive at your beneficiary impact number?

Due to expansion of the project activities in refugee camp in Nyarugusu for the year 2020.

Beneficiary focus


Children from Nyarugusu refugee camp in Kigoma region.


Children with disabilities.


a) Orphans. For this project, orphans are children aged below 18 years who have lost a mother, father or both parents to any cause.

b) .Vulnerable Children.

These will include:

– Street children.

– Children whose parents are chronically ill.

– Children living in households that have taken in orphans.

– Other children the community identifies as most vulnerable,using criteria developed jointly by the community and Government institution. One of the critical criteria will be the poverty level of the household.

1. The primary targeted group is Orphans and Vulnerable children 9-15 years that need support.

The identification of children to take part in the project will be done by Bible Society of Tanzania in collaboration with the local partners in the program area.

Partner can be churches, Government institutions, Community Based Organizations, Faith Based Organizations and communities which are already involved in work with Orphans and Vulnerable children. The Bible Society will come in to strengthen and add value to Orphans and Vulnerable Children work which is already in place. These groups can be made up of only Orphans and Vulnerable Children, but also of “normal children groups” where there will be orphans among them. The materials will be use in schools and Sunday schools, for those shown an interest to use it.

Implementation of new work among Orphans and Vulnerable Children in collaboration with churches/communities, and with other agencies, the Bible Society will contribute with training in Good Samaritan Children Program, while the other partner(s) will contribute in other sectors to reach a holistic approach.

2. A secondary target group is Facilitators, Caretakers/Parents and Community leaders.

They will be empowered on how to use and train the Orphans and Vulnerable Children through different training.

How have the needs and perspective of the beneficiaries helped shape the design of the project?

These children are a marginalized and discriminated group  in the community and therefore have experience quite a number of obstacles to full inclusion; and equal opportunities such as education, health services and other social activities. Community intervention to address these challenges is still insignificant. Because of this situation, The Bible society of Tanzania wants to be one of the players in addressing these challenges

National Context

 Tanzania faces a crisis in its ability to provide needed services to HIV/AIDS orphans and vulnerable children. Traditionally Tanzania’s orphans have been absorbed into extended families in their home villages. However, the increase in the HIV/AIDS orphan population is overwhelming village capacity.)

Around 2000, in recognition of the complex ways that HIV and AIDS affects children and communities, development agencies began to shift away from the term “AIDS orphans” to a more inclusive category: “orphans and vulnerable children,” or OVC (USAID, 2000; World Bank, 2004.

Today there is a number of stakeholders working along side the government to address the problems facing  orphans and vulnerable children in the country. However,  the extent of intervention is still insignificant due to the magnitude of the problem and the size of the country. The Bible Society of Tanzania is among the stakeholders in intervening the situation.


The issue of HIV/AIDS leave many children stigmatized, they feel loss of identity and insecurity. Loss of social attachment to parents and family members. Though many children need to be attached to foster are families still they feel loss of love and security compared to those children with blood relationship. In this case a meaningful interaction with the word of God is strongly need in order to impact the children with the love of God.

The deaths of family members due to HIV/AIDS has left behind many orphaned children to be cared for by extended families usually elderly grandparents. Most of the extended families which formerly provided a safety net for orphans are now overstretched due to the increasing numbers of orphaned and vulnerable children. Some orphaned children are now even finding themselves responsible for providing care and support to their younger ones.

In history when families had difficulties, neighbors and other community members would assist one another. Despite the fact that most families face similar situations of poverty that leads to community support systems disappear and leave poor families to fend for themselves, this program will sensitize and equip caregivers /parents and local community with knowledge and skills on how to take care for those children.

These children needs knowledge and skills training about Sexuality and puberty changes, Health education and environment, Children right and friendship, Good behavior and responsible living, and Psychological support. Finally children are expected to build self-esteem and live focused life.

How this project will help the beneficiaries

-They will be aware and knowledgeable about HIV/AIDS,sexual education and openly speak about sexual matters.

-They will know their rights and responsibilities.

-There will be positive behavior change,be able to make good decision.

-They will be empowered with Christian morals.

-They will be encounter Christ at their tender age.

Scripture & Prayer

Key Verse

Job 29:12.

Prayer points

-Pray for funds for this project.

-Pray for project implementations

-Pray  for funding  partner.

-Pray for increased participation by other stakeholders.

-Pray for Orphans and Vulnerable Children.

Project Activities

Project activities

1.Sensitize Church and Community leaders. January-March

2.Identifying the Children and organizing training groups. January-March.

3.Material production. January-March

4.Training of trainers workshops, Training sessions for the Children groups and Capacity building training for Caregivers/Parents, Community and Church leaders and material distribution. April-Nov.2020

5.Follow ups April, July, September, Dec. 2020

6.Reporting .

There will be; Status reports, Progress reports and End of year report. .This will be prepared quarterly.


The project started in 2018 and is planned to run  for two  years.

1.Material production and distribution.

More training and reading material  will be produced and distributed in the fields in order to reach many Children. (January 2019)

2. Sensitize Church and Community leaders.
There is a need  to expand project area within the district, because many Orphans and  Vulnerable  Children were not  reached by the project. Three sensitization meeting will be done in new project areas so as partners  be aware and understand the project objectives. (January -February 2019)

3. Identifying the Children and organizing training  groups: The second step is to identify and  choose 150 (Orphans and Vulnerable Children,Disability and other Children in respective areas, and form training groups of 25-30 Children per group taking into account their ages and gender. This will take place in the month of (March,July and September 2019)

4. Training of trainers  workshops and Capacity building training for Caregivers/Parents, Community and Church leaders.

There will be three Training of Trainers (TOT) workshop each with 30 participants.The training will provide participants with the required training method and how to use the materials,Two capacity building to empower caregivers with knowledge and ability to reach many Children with correct information..This will take place in the months of March, July  and  September 2019.

4. Training sessions for the Children groups.
Training session for the children will be on average of one week to cover the material. In this program we are expecting to reach 300 (Orphans and Vulnerable Children,Disability and other Children) in collaboration with partners. This will take place in the month of April to December 2019

5. Follow ups.
There will be regular follow up on caregivers and Children groups. 10 follow ups will be conducted.

7. Reporting.
There will be; 2 Status reports, Progress reports and End of year report. .This will be prepared quarterly.


The project is planned to run for three years.

1. Sensitize Church and Community leaders.

In order to have access and cooperation of the target Children,Church and Community leaders must be conversant with the goal and objective of the project.This will be done on the month of January 2018.

2.Assessing the    Children and organizing training  groups: The second step is to asses  and  choose the Orphans and Vulnerable Children in respective areas, and form training groups of 25-30 Children per group taking into account their ages and gender. This will take place in the month of (January-February 2018)

3. TOT workshops for Orphans and Vulnerable Children Caregivers/Parents, Community and Church leaders.

There will be five Training of Trainers (TOT)workshop each with 30 participants.The training will provide participants with the required training method .This will take place in the months of March, May,July  and  September 2018.

4. Training sessions for the Children groups.

Training session for the children will be on average of one week to cover the material. In this program we are expecting to reach 6000 Orphans and Vulnerable Children in collaboration with partners. This will take place in the month of April to December 2018

5. Capacity building for Caregivers/Parents, Facilitators, Community and Church leaders.

The Caregivers and Community leaders will be involved from the beginning. They will be given basic training in the program guiding them how to meet the children’s needs based on Caretakers/parents Handbook. Five capacity building workshops will be conducted for these leaders. Each workshop will involve 30 participants. This will be conducted after six months.

6. Follow ups.

There will be regular follow up on facilitators and children groups. 20 follow ups will be conducted per year.

7. Reporting

There will be; Status reports, Progress reports and End of year report. .This will be prepared quarterly.

Project partners

Through the implementation of the Good Samaritan Program Bible Society of Tanzania have already identified the need of this kind of intervention. We have been managed to work with different churches/denomination and communities which have shown the need of this kind of support. The design of the Children Program has been linked directly from the Good Samaritan Package in order for the beneficiaries to benefit with the available material, therefore for Bible Society of Tanzania it is a good opportunity to follow earlier partners and should contact with Non-Governmental Organisations and other funding agencies to look for partnership with Government organization, Community Based Organizations, and Faith Based Organizations dealing and taking care of orphans and Vulnerable Children.

The Bible Soiety of Tanania will create awareness to partners about the project and will provide coordination and direction of project activities in their ministries and ensure the project is implemented in a holistic manner

Resourcing the Project

Non-financial Resources

1.External facilitators.

2.Partners time.

Outputs & Impacts

Outputs from the project

-3 Sensitization meetings.

-2000 Orphans and Vulnerable Children identified.

– 5 Training of Trainers.

– 3 Capacity building.

-50 Children classes.

-3 Follow up meetings.

-80 Training manual

-100 Children Flip charts

-1000 Children booklets


-500 Orphans and Vulnerable Children,Children with disabilities identified.

-3 Sensitization meetings

3 Training of Trainers

-2 Capacity building

-10 training session

-5 Follow up  meetings.

-50  Training manual

-50 Children Flip chart

-500 Children booklets


6500 beneficiaries per year.19,500 beneficiaries for 3 years

We expect to conduct:

-5 Sensitization meetings @25 participants

15 Sensitization meeting,75 participants for 3 years

– 5 ToT Methods and training @ 30 participants

15 ToT Methods and training @ 900 participants for 3 years.

-5 Capacity building @30 participants.

15 Capacity building 450 participants for 3 years.

-200 Children groups with training in collaboration with volunteers

600 Children groups with training in collaboration with volunteers for 3 years.

-20 Follow ups @25-30 children per year

60 Follow ups @25-30 children for 3 years.

We are expect to distribute

100 Training manual per year.300 for 3 years

80 Children flip chart per year.240 for 3 years

1000 Children workbook per year. 3000 for 3 years.

800 Parents/caretaker handbook per year.240 for 3 years.


  • Impact 1

    1. Decreased number of street children.

    2. Community involved in caring for the orphans and Vulnerable Children through emotional and material support; visiting them, develop plans to assist the most vulnerable household in terms of food, shelters, and treatments and encourage caregivers to send to school.

    3. Reduction of stigma and discrimination at family level.

    4. Increased number of Orphans and Vulnerable children who managed to stand and lead their lives properly.

    5. Increased number of Children in churches’ and Schools.


    Number of children groups formed and reached by the materials.

    Number of children participants who attending training session.

    Percentage of children enrollments in schools.

    Number of street children reduction.

    The ability of children of live responsible lives.

    The rate of caring for Orphans and Vulnerable Children in the community .


    1. Reports from the project area.

    2.Visits to Schools, families, orphanage centers and records from law enforcing authorities.

    3. Monitoring and evaluation of the project activities.

    4. Statistics from government and non government institutions that deal with OVC.

Tracking unexpected outcomes

1.Through questionnaires sent to stakeholders

2. Through observation of ongoing changes/activities in the project area.

3. Through interviewing stakeholders.

2.Monitoring and Evaluation of the projet ativities.

Supporting Information

Supporting Documents & Multimedia Assets


An intensive survey will be conducted prior to start of the project in order to gather information about the current situation from local district authorities and the community.

The other sources of information relevant to the project are from;

  1. The Bible Society of Tanzania Strategic Plan of 2013 – 2017
  2. Tanzania HIV/AIDS and Malaria Indicator Survey 2011-2012.
  3. The Philadelphia promise of 2016
  4. Evaluation report of September 2013 Good Samaritan Program.


Case study.

Joel is an orphan who has lost both parents. We visited her home and this is what she had to say to us: “My name is Joel and I am 14 years old. I used to live in Kawetere in Mbeya region with my parents and everything was fine. My parents had a farm and they used to grow all kinds of food and we could go to school. Unfortunately my father died in 2010 then my mother followed in 2013. Then our life changed. There was no one to take care of us. We were there alone in the house that our parents left. Our aunt felt disappointment for us and she brought us here to live with her family. Her husband left his home two years past, no one knows where he his. The only problem now is that our aunt is frequently sick and she cannot support us even though she is trying. She used to sell firewood but now due to her health she can not do it. So now I am responsible for earning money for us. I go to the hills to collect firewood but it is not easy for me. I frequently have chest pains but I guess it is because I carry very heavy logs. Unfortunately I have no way out. My younger brother has a job shepherding goats and he earns 2000 Tsh./month ($1). I have another sibling who is living with my grandmother but we are better off here than she is. Neither my brother nor I go to school.

Leadership track record

The BST leadership is committed and has experience in implementing such project .

It has been implementing the similar project for the past eight years in all most seven regions of Tanzania.

Also it has the qualified and experienced personnel in working with rural communities and documentation.

External references

A Quote from an Evaluation Report of September 2013, Evaluation of the Good Samaritan Program, Under Section 3: “Main findings and analysis;”

“However, there are societal pressures and systems to practice the cultures that Christians find it difficult to completely abscond. The Bishop suggests formation of children clubs in the villages with the aim of teaching and training them to teach others about the fatal impact of harmful traditions and HIV/AIDS. Evaluators thought this could be incorporated within GSP strategies. When a child learns about Good Samaritan they will grow up with that attitude and behavior. The Bible instructs us to ‘Train a child in a way he should go, and when he is old he will not turn from it”.[1] In addition, it is the new generation that will be ready to change and stop practicing the harmful culture. The older generations are difficult to change because culture is embedded within belief systems, which are difficult to change. Thus teaching children from the very young age will ensure sustainable impact in the communities.” (Bishop, Anglican Church of Tanzania-Diocese of Rorya) Page 13

Best practices

  1. Implementation of the project activities in collaboration with Partners.
  2. Putting project beneficiaries at the forefront of the implementation.This will promote project ownership and may leads to sustainability.
  3. Sharing of experiences and learning from other who dealing with Orphans and vulnerable children.
  4. Setting together a clear and understood exit strategies.

Posted on

August 9, 2021

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